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The Role of Security Strategies to Reduce API Vulnerabilities
API security inhibits data breaches by employing cyber security best practices to reduce vulnerabilities, strengthen authentication, and encrypt data.
FREMONT, CA: Developers and microservices utilize application programming interface systems to build more applications. API is an important tool to connect services and transfer data. Increasing application releases in the market make it challenging to secure data effectively. Major API security risks include broken object levels, excessive data exposure, security misconfiguration, and insufficient logging and monitoring.
API vulnerabilities compound with the increasing microservices-based data transfers. Developers need to adopt certain API security strategies to limit data breaches.
Vulnerabilities: Developers and security entities must identify insecurities in the API lifecycle. The entire API scale is a factor in implementing the correct security measure, and security teams must consider the entire API lifecycle's maintenance and retirement.
Authentication: Authentication and authorization are important factors in API security. Effective API access control involves leveraging Open Authorization's (OAuth) token-based authorization framework to access third-party information securely without exposing user credentials.
Service mesh: Service mesh solutions act like intermediaries between service requests. It enforces additional management and control layers. A service mesh aims to ensure that each part of the system works together efficiently, including ensuring that the proper authentication, access control, and other security measures are implemented. Using microservices at scale requires a service mesh. A service mesh layer solution is available for API management at the service communication layer. As APIs increase, automation becomes increasingly important.
Rate limiting and throttling: A DDoS attack mostly targets API. Setting rate limits on the number of API requests and their frequencies will help security teams avoid DDoS attacks and other performance and security issues. Throttling connections can also balance accessibility and availability with rate limiting.
API Gateway: API gateways play a key role in enforcing API traffic. Choosing a gateway that allows organizations to authenticate traffic and control and analyze API usage is important.
Data encryption: Encryption is essential for all data, including sensitive information, like personally identifiable information (PII). Decryption and modification of data should also require signatures from developers.