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Electricity: Generation, Transmission, and Distribution
As humanity has evolved, electricity has become a crucial part of our everyday life. From the time we wake up, hearing the sound of our alarm clock to the time we sleep with the comforting glow of the television screens, today electricity usage is ubiquitous. However, do we ever think about how the essential resource to generate electricity is obtained? What are the necessary steps involved to illuminate our homes or offices effortlessly? The answers to these questions include three fundamental principles —generation, transmission, and distribution.
If we look at the granular level, electricity generation is the process of producing electric power from disparate energy sources. In a nutshell, converting mechanical energy to electrical energy in power plants leads to electricity generation.
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Moreover, some companies also use nuclear energy and renewable sources such as wind, solar, and hydroelectric power for generating electricity. Once generated, it is sent to electrical substations using transmission lines. In this process, operators use transformers to manage the voltage discrepancies.
The final stage in electricity supply is the distribution, which includes carrying power from the transmission system to consumers using several components including power lines, pole-mounted transformers, distribution lines, and meters. To enable consumers to have cost-effective distribution power lines, many regions in the United States allow consumers to choose the adequate the power supplier, which increases the competitive scenario between them.
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