Human population is slated to reach 9 billion by 2050. Policy makers, urban planners, and stakeholders in society are grappling with the problem of population management. As crisis creates opportunity, similarly with this problem, there has been an explosion in digital space. With digitalization, data has become abundant. The explosion of data has created big data which helps stakeholders in the society to make a prediction and better decision from the given set of data.
With the shift from rural-based to the urban-based economy, there is going to be a shift in the formation of society—change in beliefs and system of governance.
Citizens of today are more engaged in the whole process of the design to development of the city. This reflects that a pattern that map of the city has to be citizen-centric and people have to be in mind while designing the city. Furthermore, the design has to be in symbiosis with the geography of the area.
Design of the city and geography of the place has to be in the symbiosis with each other, by embracing the GIS technology. GIS technology which is now available with developed and developing countries and convergence of foreign policy also adds to the advantage to countries which seek to define the city; for example, Rwanda, inspired by Singapore development has roped developers and city planners from Europe and Singapore. China is also developing a business cum Port Park in Djoubti, which also takes into the account the geography and GIS technology.
These are examples of the countries which have embraced GIS, but no one has embraced GIS better than Singapore. Singapore, due to limited land area, pushed itself to look for ways to make better use of space, including venturing underground. Smart Dubai, the government agency leading Dubai’s digital transformation, is also using 3D technology to underpin its Dubai Pulse smart city application.
With all these accomplishments, one surprising and transformational aspect that is noteworthy is the paradigm shift of the governments’ approach in design and development of cities.